National Policies

National Policy For Persons With Disabilities 2002

The National Policy for Persons with Disabilities, 2002 aims to promote an inclusive society for persons with disabilities in Pakistan. The key strategies of the policy are:

  • Advocacy Campaigns: Develop and launch advocacy campaigns to address special groups such as policy makers, opinion leaders, youth and adults.
  • Ownership of Disability Issues: Increase ownership of disability issues by the stakeholders and strengthen their participation in the process of service delivery and program design.
  • Inclusive Education: Adopt a shift from exclusive system of education to that to inclusive education for the children with disabilities.
  • Quality Services for Disabled: Ensure the provision of quality services to all segments of age groups for persons with disabilities through expansion and strengthening of service delivery infrastructure.
  • Build Comprehensive Network: Expand, coordinate and monitor a comprehensive network of services for Person with Disabilities in Pakistan.
  • Build Strong Partnerships: Build strong partnerships with concerned Line Ministries, Provincial Line Departments and the Private Sector (NGOs) by providing assistance/guidance through advocacy, training, monitoring and other means of participation and quality assurance.
National Policy For Persons With Disabilities, 2002

National Environment Policy 2005

The National Environment Policy 2005 aims to achieve sustainable development and improved quality of life in Pakistan through better environmental management and conservation of natural resources. Some of the key guidelines of the policy are:

  • Water Supply and Management: Develop legal and policy framework for promotion of safe drinking water in Pakistan. Establish a water quality monitoring and surveillance system. 
  • Air Quality and Noise: Establish and enforce standards for ambient and indoor air quality. Enact the National Clean Air Act. 
  • Waste Management: Introduce discharge licensing system for industry. Devise and implement the National Sanitation Policy. 
  • Forestry: Implement the National Forest Policy. Carry out intensive institutional and legal reforms both at the federal and provincial levels to promote good forest governance. 
  • Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Ensure effective implementation of the Biodiversity Action Plan. Enforce biosafety rules and guidelines and adopt necessary biosafety related legal framework. 
  • Climate Change and Ozone Depletion: Devise and implement the National Climate Change Policy and Action Plan. Establish National Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Authority.
  • Energy Efficiency and Renewables: Devise and implement National Energy Conservation Policy. 
  • Agriculture and Livestock: Ensure protection and preservation of prime agricultural land from conversion for other uses through introducing land use planning and zoning.

National Education Policy 2017-2025

The National Education Policy 2017-2025 aims to improve the quality of education, increase access to education, reduce dropout rates, narrow gender gaps, and promote technical and vocational education with skill development programs. Some of the key guidelines of the policy are:

  • Islamic Education: Islamiyat will be introduced as compulsory subject from class III to Intermediate classes extending up to graduation in all general and professional institutions.
  • ECE: One year pre-primary education for the children of age group 4 – 5 will be free and compulsory.
  • Primary Education: Primary Education shall be free and compulsory.
  • Secondary Education: Existing public sector primary schools will be up-graded to middle level and middle schools to secondary level.
  • TVET: Distance and virtual modes of learning shall be utilized to enhance access of TVET to people in remote areas.
  • Higher Education: Number of public sector universities will be increased from existing 99 (2015) to 195 by establishing 96 new universities by 2025.
  • ICT: Use ICT to extend the reach of educational opportunity and strengthen teaching quality. 

National Education Policy Framework 2018

National Education Policy Framework 2018 is a comprehensive policy framework that aims to address the challenges faced by the education system in Pakistan and promote quality education for all. The four strategic areas identified in the framework are:

  • Decrease OOSC: Decrease Out of School Children (OOSC) and Increase School Participation and Completion
  • Uniform Education System: To bring uniformity in the standards of education
  • Quality Education: To improve the quality of education across the country
  • Skills Training: Enhance access to and relevance of skills training

Digital Pakistan Policy 2018

The Digital Pakistan Policy 2018 is a comprehensive policy framework launched by the Government of Pakistan to promote the development and adoption of digital technologies across the country. Some of the key strategies of the policy are:

  • Legislation: Promulgate necessary policy frameworks, laws and rules to enable creation of a sustainable IT environment.
  • Infrastructure Development: Enable cross-sector collaboration with a strategic shift towards a Digital Ecosystem for maximum economic impact.
  • Freelancing in IT: Utilize the power of IT to enhance the outreach and quality of education, at all levels.
  • Software Exports: Pursue all measures including legislative, policy, administrative and international marketing measures, to augment software exports.
  • ICT for Girls: Promote the use of ICT technology among women and girls for their empowerment and to bridge the digital divide.
  • Local Languages Content Development: Support creation and sharing of content in natural and regional/local languages .
  • Persons with disabilities: Collaborate with local and international software industry to introduce ICT infrastructure and software applications for PWDs.

National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights 2021-2026

The purpose of National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights is to operationalize the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs) in Pakistan by providing a roadmap for government and businesses to prevent, address and remedy human rights impacts linked to commercial activities. They key points of National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights are:

  • Conduct a mapping exercise to chart national progress made against, and steps required to advance, the four elements of the Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, that is: (1) the eradication of modern slavery; (2) abolishment of child labour; (3) elimination of discrimination in business activity and the workplace and; (4) protection of the right to freedom of association.
  • Review framework, engage with, and build the capacity of, National Human Rights Institutions to promote and sustain effective support to the implementation and oversight of the protection, respect, and remediation of human rights in the context of business activity.
  • Conduct a mapping exercise, including a consultative process, to assess the national legislative, policy, and regulatory framework relevant to human rights in the digital economy.
  • Review and update existing legislation to strengthen the protection of human rights within the context of business activity, incorporating gender equality as a foundational and cross-cutting theme.
  • Issue and disseminate BHR guidelines for business enterprises in line with the NAP—its priority areas, proposed actions and State expectations of business enterprises.
  • Strengthen regulations, with respect to overseas labour abuse, on the registration and oversight of recruitment agencies providing overseas employment opportunities.
  • Clear the backlog of cases in Courts, and explore the feasibility of strengthening and promoting alternate dispute resolution mechanisms.
  • Incorporate mandatory principles of Business and Human Rights, into technical and vocational training.

National Climate Change Policy 2021

National Climate Change Policy 2021 aims to address the impacts of climate change and promote sustainable development across all sectors of the economy. Some of the key measures suggested in the policy are:

  • Water Resources: Ensure early rehabilitation, remodeling and up- gradation of the existing irrigation infrastructure in the country to make it resilient to climate change related extreme events. Ensure water conservation at all levels, reduce irrigation system losses and provide incentives for adoption of more efficient irrigation techniques.
  • Agriculture and Livestock: Improve farm practices by adopting modern techniques such as laser land leveling, crop diversification, proper cropping patterns and optimized planting dates. Improve the nutritional quality of feed through the use of multi-nutrient blocks (MNB) prepared from urea, molasses, vitamins and minerals.
  • Human Health: Assess the health vulnerabilities of communities in areas most likely to be affected by the adverse impact of climate change, and build their capacities to reduce these vulnerabilities. Adopt water and sanitation safety plans for rural and urban areas.
  • Forestry: Aggressively pursue afforestation and reforestation programs with plantation suited to the effects of climate change. Establish forest fire prediction and protection services in the country.
  • Biodiversity: Adopt ‘Ecosystem-based Adaptation ’as part of an overall adaptation strategy to help people to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. Ensure proper management and mitigation of invasive species that are expanding due to climate change effect.

National Cyber Security Policy 2021

The overall goal of National Cyber Security Policy 2021 is to to enhance the country’s cyber resilience and protect critical information infrastructure from cyber threats. Some of the safety strategies of the policy are:

  • Internet-based services: Develop an Internet Protocol (IP) reputation service to protect government digital services
  • National Critical Information Infrastructure: Develop a mechanism for the protection of Critical Information Infrastructure and its integration at the entity level through relevant sectoral CERTs.
  • Government’s Information Systems: Encourage the establishment of national Data Centers to co-locate servers and telecom Quality infrastructure for all government entities – federal & provincial.
  • Information Security Assurance Framework: Upgrade and establish next-generation national Cyber Security forensic and screening setups to safeguard against advanced cyber threats in Artificial Intelligence (AI) driven environment.

National Gender Policy Framework 2022

The overall goal of National Gender Policy Framework is to achieve gender equality and women’s empowerment in Pakistan through promoting the human rights of women and girls, and ensuring equal access to opportunities, resources and justice. The key objectives of National Gender Policy Framework are:

  • Governance: Establish gender-transformative governance structures, lead gender-equal institutional transformation, and ensure gender equality’s reflection among the government priorities and action plans
  • Equality and Quality in Education: Creating enabling environments for girl and young women to learn and be equipped with employable & high-income skills.
  • Employment & Economic Empowerment: Promote equitable access to work opportunities with conducive workplaces, enabling enterprising environment and necessary business skills.
  • Agency, Political Participation and Meaningful Engagement: Creating avenues for and advance female leadership, mentorship and engagement to meaningfully integrate their voices in program design and policy decisions
  • Health and Well-being: Integrate gender-sensitive health elements in cross-cutting services, including health.
  • Safety & Security: End Gender-based violence and mainstream gender protection across systems, policies, processes and programs.

National Security Policy 2022-2026

National Security Policy 2022-2026 outlines Pakistan’s national security vision, interests, and priorities, while providing a detailed implementation framework. Some of the policy objectives are:

  • National Cohesion: Good governance to strengthen the state-citizen contract by ensuring timely, equitable, and effective delivery of public services. Ensure transparency and accountability, including through e-governance.
  • Economic Future: Promote economic policies to join the ranks of upper middle income countries by focusing on enhanced productivity, investment, and savings, addressing the external imbalance, and astute fiscal management. 
  • Defence: Defend Pakistan’s territorial integrity at all costs.
  • Internal Security: Prioritise combatting terrorism, violent sub-nationalisms, extremism, sectarianism, and organised crime.
  • Foreign Policy: Cultivate broad-based relationships with global powers through a proactive, pragmatic, and unapologetic approach based on shared convergence on strategic and economic interests.
  • Human Security: Make quality healthcare more affordable, further strengthen disease surveillance and prevention, address malnutrition and stunting, mainstream preventive healthcare, and put in place pandemic and epidemic response mechanisms for a healthy and vibrant Pakistan.

National Policy Framework on Human Rights 2022-2027

The overall goal of National Policy Framework on Human Rights 2022-2027 is to promote and protect human rights in Pakistan in line with Pakistan’s international obligations and constitutional guarantees. The policy framework is based on the following human rights principles:

  • Re-affirming the commitment to national and international human rights obligations.
  • Human rights protection through review of the existing laws/legislations.
  • Emphasizing on the human rights education and training.
  • Enhancing domestic and international engagement on human rights issues.
  • Achieving greater respect for human rights principles within the society.
  • Enactment of new laws in conformity with Pakistan’s international human rights obligations.
  • Amending and bringing the relevant laws in line with current human rights thought and Pakistan’s international obligations.
  • Modernizing the school, college and university curricula to include human rights concepts.
  • Improving the training and SOPs of the police, prison staff and lower and mid-level judiciary.
  • Mainstreaming human rights perspective in public policy development process and resource allocation.

National Clean Air Policy 2023

National Clean Air Policy 2023 outlines Pakistan’s vision and strategy for addressing air pollution and improving air quality. Some of the policy recommendations are:

  • Fuel Standards: Implement fuel quality standards in transport to comply with Euro-5 or Euro-6 leading to complete shift to minimum Euro-5 by 2025, or Euro-6 by 2030
  • Transport: Improved measures to ensure inspection of vehicles for compliance with NEQS/PEQS, through enforcement. 
  • Urban Planning and Management: Promote urban greening, through measures like urban forestry, management of green spaces/parks, etc.
  • Industrial Sector: Strengthen regulatory measures to ensure compliance with NEQS/PEQS, with priority focus on high impact industry and conduction of third party audits
  • Agriculture, Forestry and Land-Use: Impose immediate and complete ban on burning of crop residues, and introduction of low-cost alternative options for agriculture waste management. 
  • Waste: Impose immediate and complete ban on open burning of solid waste across Pakistan.
  • Energy: Introduce and promote measures to reduce indoor air pollution.