Rights of Older Persons 


The rights of older persons, often referred to as elderly rights or senior rights, encompass a range of protections and considerations specific to the aging population. These rights are designed to ensure the well-being, dignity, and participation of older individuals in society. Here’s what the concept entails:

  • Dignity and Respect

Older persons have the right to be treated with dignity and respect, irrespective of their age. This includes respect for their autonomy, choices, and preferences.

  • Healthcare and Social Services

Access to healthcare, social services, and support tailored to the specific needs of older individuals is crucial. This involves ensuring affordable and accessible healthcare, including geriatric care and support for mental health issues common in older age.

  • Social Participation and Inclusion

Older persons have the right to participate in society, community activities, and decision-making processes. Measures to prevent social isolation and promote community engagement are crucial.

  • Protection from Abuse and Discrimination

Protection against all forms of abuse, neglect, and discrimination based on age is essential. This includes safeguarding against financial exploitation, neglect in care facilities, or exclusion from opportunities based on age.

  • Pension and Economic Security

Ensuring economic security through pension schemes or social security benefits is critical for older persons to live a dignified life after retirement.

  • Quality of Life and Housing

Access to suitable housing and living conditions that cater to the needs of older persons is crucial. This involves age-friendly infrastructure, housing options, and services that support their well-being.

  • Legal Protections

Legal protections should safeguard older individuals’ rights in matters such as access to justice, ensuring they are not unfairly disadvantaged due to age.

Recognizing and addressing the specific needs and rights of older persons is essential for creating an inclusive and equitable society. Many countries are increasingly focusing on policies and frameworks that promote the rights of older individuals to ensure their well-being and dignity as they age.

Constitution of Pakistan

The Constitution of Pakistan doesn’t explicitly mention or outline specific provisions addressing the rights of older persons as a distinct category. However, some articles within the Constitution indirectly relate to safeguarding the rights and well-being of older individuals:

Article 37(e) emphasizes that the state shall enable the people of all age groups, including older individuals, to participate in all forms of national activities, including social, economic, and cultural fields. Article 38 outlines the state’s responsibility to secure the well-being of the people, which indirectly includes older persons, by raising their standard of living and providing adequate means of livelihood for all citizens.

Sindh Legal Framework

The Government of Sindh has enacted the Senior Citizens Welfare Act in 2014 which enunciates the establishment of the Senior Citizens Welfare Council to provide for the well-being, comfort and dignity of senior citizens in the province.

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